Common Diseases during the Pregnancy

Rachel Adams
8 Min Read


A woman’s pregnancy is a wonderful and life-changing moment in her life, it brings changes in her body, emotions, and hormones. Usually, pregnancy is a smooth journey, but pregnant mothers can experience health problems at times. Pregnancy-related diseases can have a wide range of impact on both the developing fetus and the mother. This post’s covers the most common diseases during pregnancy faced by the woman.  Also, we cover the details of their causes, signs, and suitable treatment options.

Some of the Common diseases during pregnancy

Pregnant women face a number of common health problems during pregnancy and they are:

Gestational Diabetes

One type of diabetes that appears during pregnancy is called gestational diabetes. Blood sugar levels rise because of the body’s inability to manufacture enough insulin to satisfy the increased demands. If it remains untreated. It can cause problems for both mother and the unborn child.


The precise cause of gestational diabetes still remains undiscovered. Changes in hormones that occur during pregnancy are thought as its contributing factor. Insulin resistance is a result of the hormones the placenta creates interfere with insulin’s normal function.


  • Heightened hunger and thirst
  • Recurring urination
  • Weary
  • Hazy vision


Handling gestational diabetes calls for dietary adjustments, consistent exercise, and, in certain situations, insulin treatment. It is important to closely monitor blood sugar levels in order to guarantee perfect management and lower risk of problems.

Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)

Pregnant women who have a history of hypertension or who are first-time mothers alike frequently worry about high blood pressure. Uncontrolled hypertension can result in significant dangers for both the mother and the unborn child, such as preeclampsia.


During pregnancy, changes in hormones and an increase in blood volume can lead to hypertension, or it can also result from pre-existing conditions.


  • Severe headaches
  • Issues with vision
  • Enlargement of the face and hands
  • Breathlessness


Pregnancy-related hypertension can get controlled by making lifestyle changes such eating a balanced diet, getting regular exercise, and reducing stress. Medication may be recommended in some situations to lower the risk of problems and regulate blood pressure.

common problems during pregnancy

Hyperemesis Gravidarum

Although morning sickness is a common occurrence in the first trimester. Hyperemesis gravidarum, or severe and persistent nausea and vomiting, can occur in certain women. If this medical condition is not treated right away, it might result in malnourishment and dehydration.


The precise cause of Hyperemesis gravidarum still remains undiscovered. Hormonal changes specifically, higher levels of the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)—are thought to be involved in it.


  • Severe nausea
  • Continuous vomiting
  • Loss of weight
  • Dehydration


Hospitalization for IV fluids and nutritional support may be part of the treatment. Prescriptions for nausea and vomiting medication may also be issued. In severe situations, nutritional therapy may be necessary for women in order to guarantee sufficient nutrient intake.

Iron-Deficiency Anemia

Pregnancy is a common time for iron-deficiency anemia because body needs more iron to support the developing fetus and placenta. Fatigue, weakness, and a higher chance of complications are all consequences of anemia.


Iron-deficiency anemia can arise from both an inadequate food intake and the increased demand for iron during pregnancy.


  • Feeling tired
  • Pale skin
  • Breathing difficulties 
  • Weakness


Iron supplements and dietary modifications that include foods high in iron are part of the treatment. Hemoglobin levels must be regularly checked in order to guarantee that anemia gets treated properly.

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

Because of changes in the urinary tract and hormonal shifts, pregnant women are more likely to get urinary tract infections. Untreated urinary tract infections (UTTIs) might result in consequences such kidney infections.


Urinary tract infections during pregnancy may arise from hormonal changes and the pressure that expanding uterus places on the bladder.


  • Recurring urination
  • Burning or pain during urinating
  • Cloudy or foul-smelling pee
  • Ache in the lower abdomen


In order to cure urinary tract infections during pregnancy, prompt antibiotic treatment is crucial. Recurrence of UTIs can also get avoided with proper personal cleanliness and adequate drinking.

Group B Streptococcus (GBS) Infection

Women’s gastrointestinal tracts and vaginal tracts may contain Group Bstreptococcus bacteria. Healthy adults are typically not harmed by HPV, but if it is spread during birthing, newborns may be at danger.


 A naturally occurring bacterium called Group B Streptococcus may be found in women’s reproductive and digestive systems.


In pregnant women, a GBS infection may not show any symptoms. The primary worry is the possibility of transfer to the unborn child during birthing.


In order to lower the risk of transmission to the unborn child, routine screening for GBS is usual during pregnancy. If the germs are found, intravenous antibiotics are given during delivery.


While its’ frequently a time of joy and anticipation, there are still some common diseases during pregnancy which women face. In order to manage these health concerns and guarantee the development of the fetus and the mother. Proper pregnancy care, routine check-ups, and early intervention are necessary.

To monitor and manage any potential health risks, pregnant moms and their healthcare providers must collaborate closely. By education, consciousness, and a proactive stand towards healthcare. Mothers may confidently tackle the difficulties of pregnancy, cultivating a happy and satisfying experience for themselves and their babies.

Read More Blog – Pelvic Pain During Pregnancy

Frequently asked questions

Q1: What is the most common medical problem in pregnancy?

Ans: The most common medical condition during pregnancy is hypertension. Blood pressure typically drops by about 10 mmHg throughout the first half of pregnancy. Before progressively rising to prepregnancy levels at term.

Q2: Which disease are common in pregnancy?

Ans: Flu, vaginal yeast infections, uterine infections, group B streptococcus, bacterial vaginosis, and listeria are among common infections that arise during pregnancy. This increased risk of infection may get caused by changes in immunological function, which, if addressed, could have major consequences.

Q3: Why does pregnancy weaken the immune system?

Ans: Early in pregnancy, your immune system begins to change. This is because of immune system’s need to adjust during embryonic implanting. So that the fetus is not recognized as an intruder.

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Rachel Adams, is an expert on women's health. Her work at is aimed in helping women understand their bodies better through easy-to-read articles and blogs. With Rachel, you get an advice that you can trust. In women's health topics, she covers everything from pregnancy tips to staying healthy after childbirth. Her writing style is clear and friendly, making even the complex topics easy to understand. Rachel's mission is to empower women with the knowledge they need to make smart choices about their health. Whether you're expecting a baby or just want to feel your best, Rachel's articles are here to guide you through every step of your decisions
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